The default react-admin layout renders a horizontal app bar at the top, a navigation menu on the side, and the main content in the center.

In addition, the layout renders the menu as a dropdown on mobile.

React-admin lets you override the app layout using the <Admin layout> prop. You can use any component you want as layout ; but if you just need to tweak the default layout, you can use the <Layout> component.


Create a custom layout overriding some of the components of the default layout:

// in src/MyLayout.js
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { MyAppBar } from './MyAppBar';

export const MyLayout = props => <Layout {...props} appBar={MyAppBar} />;

Then pass this custom layout to the <Admin> component:

Instead of the default layout, you can use your own component as the admin layout. Just use the layout prop of the component:

// in src/App.js
import { MyLayout } from './MyLayout';

const App = () => (
    <Admin layout={MyLayout} dataProvider={...}>
        // ...


Prop Required Type Default Description
appBar Optional Component - A React component rendered at the top of the layout
appBarAlwaysOn Optional boolean - When true, the app bar is always visible
className Optional string - Passed to the root <div> component
error Optional Component - A React component rendered in the content area in case of error
menu Optional Component - A React component rendered at the side of the screen
sidebar Optional Component - A React component responsible for rendering the menu (e.g. in a drawer)
sx Optional SxProps - Style overrides, powered by MUI System

React-admin injects more props at runtime based on the <Admin> props:

  • dashboard: The dashboard component. Used to enable the dahboard link in the menu
  • title: The default page tile, rendered in the AppBar for error pages
  • children: The main content of the page

Any value set for these props in a custom layout will be ignored. That’s why you’re supposed to pass down the props when creating a layout based on <Layout>:

// in src/MyLayout.js
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { MyAppBar } from './MyAppBar';

export const MyLayout = props => <Layout {...props} appBar={MyAppBar} />;


Lets you override the top App Bar.

// in src/MyLayout.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { MyAppBar } from './MyAppBar';

export const MyLayout = (props) => <Layout {...props} appBar={MyAppBar} />;

You can use react-admin’s <AppBar> component as a base for your custom app bar, or the component of your choice.

By default, react-admin’s <AppBar> displays the page title. You can override this default by passing children to <AppBar> - they will replace the default title. And if you still want to include the page title, make sure you include an element with id react-admin-title in the top bar (this uses React Portals).

Here is a custom app bar component extending <AppBar> to include a company logo in the center of the page header:

// in src/MyAppBar.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { AppBar, TitlePortal } from 'react-admin';
import Box from '@mui/material/Box';

import Logo from './Logo';

export const MyAppBar = () => (
    <AppBar color="primary">
        <TitlePortal />
        <Box flex="1" />
        <Logo />
        <Box flex="1" />

custom AppBar

Check out the <AppBar> documentation for more information, and for instructions on building your own AppBar.


By default, the app bar is hidden when the user scrolls down the page. This is useful to save space on small screens. But if you want to keep the app bar always visible, you can set the appBarAlwaysOn prop to true.

// in src/MyLayout.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

export const MyLayout = (props) => <Layout {...props} appBarAlwaysOn />;


className is passed to the root <div> component. It lets you style the layout with CSS - but the sx prop is preferred.


Whenever a client-side error happens in react-admin, the user sees an error page. React-admin uses React’s Error Boundaries to render this page when any component in the page throws an unrecoverable error.

Default error page

If you want to customize this page, or log the error to a third-party service, create your own <Error> component, and pass it to a custom Layout, as follows:

// in src/MyLayout.js
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { MyError } from './MyError';

export const MyLayout = (props) => <Layout {...props} error={MyError} />;

The following snippet is a simplified version of the react-admin Error component, that you can use as a base for your own:

// in src/MyError.js
import * as React from 'react';
import Button from '@mui/material/Button';
import ErrorIcon from '@mui/icons-material/Report';
import History from '@mui/icons-material/History';
import { Title, useTranslate } from 'react-admin';
import { useLocation } from 'react-router-dom';

export const MyError = ({
}) => {
    const { pathname } = useLocation();
    const originalPathname = useRef(pathname);

    // Effect that resets the error state whenever the location changes
    useEffect(() => {
        if (pathname !== originalPathname.current) {
    }, [pathname, resetErrorBoundary]);

    const translate = useTranslate();
    return (
            <Title title="Error" />
            <h1><ErrorIcon /> Something Went Wrong </h1>
            <div>A client error occurred and your request couldn't be completed.</div>
            {process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production' && (
                    startIcon={<History />}
                    onClick={() => history.go(-1)}

Lets you override the menu.

// in src/Layout.js
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { MyMenu } from './MyMenu';

export const Layout = (props) => <Layout {...props} menu={MyMenu} />;

You can create a custom menu component using react-admin’s <Menu> component:

// in src/MyMenu.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { Menu } from 'react-admin';
import BookIcon from '@mui/icons-material/Book';
import ChatBubbleIcon from '@mui/icons-material/ChatBubble';
import PeopleIcon from '@mui/icons-material/People';
import LabelIcon from '@mui/icons-material/Label';

export const MyMenu = () => (
        <Menu.DashboardItem />
        <Menu.Item to="/posts" primaryText="Posts" leftIcon={<BookIcon />}/>
        <Menu.Item to="/comments" primaryText="Comments" leftIcon={<ChatBubbleIcon />}/>
        <Menu.Item to="/users" primaryText="Users" leftIcon={<PeopleIcon />}/>
        <Menu.Item to="/custom-route" primaryText="Miscellaneous" leftIcon={<LabelIcon />}/>

The <Layout menu> component can render any component you like - not just a component based on <Menu>.

React-admin provides alternative menu layouts that you can use as a base for your own menu:

And you can build a totally custom menu using Material UI’s <Menu> component.

You can override the default sidebar using this prop. The default sidebar will display a permanent drawer when the window size is above Material UI theme’s sm breakpoint, and a temporary drawer when the window size is less than that.

If you wish to always display a temporary drawer, you can customize using the following sample code:

// in src/Layout.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { MySidebar } from './MySidebar';

export const Layout = (props) => <Layout {...props} sidebar={MySidebar} />;

// in src/MySidebar.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { Drawer } from '@mui/material';
import { SidebarClasses, useLocale, useSidebarState } from 'react-admin';

export const MySidebar = ({ children }) => {
    const [open, setOpen] = useSidebarState();
    useLocale(); // force redraw on locale change

    const toggleSidebar = () => setOpen(!open);

    return (


Pass an sx prop to customize the style of the main component and the underlying elements.

export const MyLayout = (props) => (
    <Layout sx={{ '& .RaLayout-appFrame': { marginTop: 55 } }} {...props}>

This property accepts the following subclasses:

Rule name Description
& .RaLayout-appFrame Applied to the application frame containing the appBar, the sidebar, and the main content
& .RaLayout-contentWithSidebar Applied to the main part containing the sidebar and the content
& .RaLayout-content Applied to the content area

To override the style of <Layout> using the Material UI style overrides, use the RaLayout key.

Tip: If you need to override global styles (like the default font size or family), you should write a custom theme rather than override the <Layout sx> prop. And if you need to tweak the default layout to add a right column or move the menu to the top, you’re probably better off writing your own layout component.

Adding A Custom Context

A custom Layout is the ideal place to add an application-wide context.

For instance, in a multi-tenant application, you may want to add a tenant context to your layout.

// in src/MyLayout.js
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';

import { TenantContext } from './TenantContext';

const getCookie = (name) => document.cookie
  .split('; ')
  .find(row => row.startsWith(`${name}=`))

export const MyLayout = (props) => (
    <TenantContext.Provider value={getCookie('tenant')}>
        <Layout {...props} />

Adding Developer Tools

A custom layout is also the ideal place to add debug tools, e.g. react-query devtools:

// in src/MyLayout.js
import { Layout } from 'react-admin';
import { ReactQueryDevtools } from 'react-query/devtools'

export const MyLayout = (props) => (
        <Layout {...props} />
        <ReactQueryDevtools />

React-Query DevTools

Alternative Layouts

If you can’t configure <Layout> to render the layout you want, you can use an alternative layout component, such as <ContainerLayout>: A centered layout with horizontal navigation.

Container layout

You can also write your own layout component from scratch. Check the Theming documentation for examples